How The Economic Machine Works by Ray Dalio
Economics 101 -- "How the Economic Machine Works."
Created by Ray Dalio this simple but not simplistic and easy to follow 30 minute, animated video answers the question, "How does the economy really work?" Based on Dalio's practical template for understanding the economy, which he developed over the course of his career, the video breaks down economic concepts like credit, deficits and interest rates, allowing viewers to learn the basic driving forces behind the economy, how economic policies work and why economic cycles occur.

To learn more about Economic Principles visit:

[Also Available In Chinese] 经济这台机器是怎样运行的:
[Also Available In Russian] Как действует экономическая машина. Автор: Рэй Далио (на русском языке):
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    Swings in the whole economy are driven by central banks. If we had sound money, these borrow-repay cycles would be local to specific persons and companies - not economy-wide boom bust cycles and all the destruction and waste they cause.

  • Ed

    It took 30 minutes and no school teaches you this

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  • MyOpinionsRBetter

    Introduction 0:00 Credit: 3:28 Cycles 6:20 Short-term debt cycle 11:58 Long-term debt cycle 14:34 Deleveraging 16:51 A Beautiful Deleveraging 26:18 In closing 29:37

  • Joshua Aby
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  • billymisfits

    isn't the federal reserve part of the central government? why would the central bank need to "lend" money to the central government?

  • Carlo Villamin
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    Then eliminate personal loans to avoid bad credit if that is the case.

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    The rich stay rich by spending like the poor and investing without stopping then the poor stay poor by spending like the rich yet not investing like the rich

    • Prozy Studios
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      the rich stay rich by exploiting the poor

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  • Fuzzy

    Ok, so where can a i find a graph that shows the short term debt cycle layered on top of the long term debt cycle, both layered on top of the long term productivity growth line, so i can see where we are now?? Where do i even start to find this information?

  • Michael Scott
    Michael Scott

    Thank you Preston

  • Deer

    I learned more from this free video from 2013 than my modern Economics 1 and Economics 2 classes combined...

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  • Daniel Golcher Quirós
    Daniel Golcher Quirós

    and who bestowed the power of creating money from thin air to the central bank which is not an official part of government? and why does the government pay interests on money created from thin air? And where do these interests go if the central bank is not part of the govt? If it goes to private individuals why and how did they get the divine powers to print from thin air and who had to power to grant them that power?

  • Xanas

    The problem with all of this is that the economy and the government aren't machines. They are both run by people, and there is a lot of complexity hidden within this analogy that destroys the concept of "beautiful deleveraging" What really happening is not "beautiful deleveraging" but the transfer of money from those not well connected to the state to those well connected to it. The government, operated by people, serves the interests of those who run it. It does not serve the interests of society at large except to the extent that serves the people who run it. And then the other groups the government serves, those that help advance the causes of the state, which are wealthy individuals and organizations. These are people more likely to get the transferred money. 2 additional concepts to throw in the brain here "Concentrated benefits and dispersed costs" - this is a phrase used to describe the reasons why incentive structures of democratic society tend towards "rational ignorance." You have almost no incentive to look into something that costs you < 1% of your income (like farm subsidies, lets say). But the much smaller group that will receive that money may get huge portions of their income from it. Rational ignorance occurs because even information and data collection have to be economized. You only have time to learn so much. The democratic process is simplified by giving us representatives rather than having us vote directly on laws, but the incentives from rational ignorance on the candidates is that they will figure out how best to play their best sides to different groups to gain the most votes. They will fulfill almost none of their promises, except those that are truly important to them, but those aren't often the same policies they pretend to favor most. The candidates are not the best people in society. They are driven by political incentives to be generally worse than most, because they can never be fully honest. I'm ending this here, because this alone is sufficient to destroy the idea of the machine, but on the other end (the economy) there is a whole other list of complexity to account for that the simple machine analogy can't get at, such as malinvestment.

  • jeremiah williams
    jeremiah williams

    Amazing video and free knowledge thanks

  • Peculiar Mann
    Peculiar Mann

    The whole GME, Black Rock, & Citadel thing makes so much more sense now. Money’s already been printing like crazy due to COVID, Money’s about to be redistributed, & the debt will be reduced with all the spending & taxes from the redistribution.

  • Don Key
    Don Key

    Interest rates in the U.K have been low for decades, it's like the government and banks understood the rules but chose to ignore them.

  • Im the best thing since sliced Rice
    Im the best thing since sliced Rice

    Straight up educating the financial illiterate and not cross selling you a seminar.

  • nicholas andreas
    nicholas andreas

    a 6 months university course, explained in 30 minutes, great

  • Marcos Lourenço
    Marcos Lourenço

    Transfering wealth? Are you crazy man?

  • Montobrechue Glow
    Montobrechue Glow

    This is such a simple concept that I never fully understood and many people almost avoid understanding it bc it’s “boring” or “not worth my time” or something, it’s all a cycle

  • nj 09321
    nj 09321

    You didnt tell us how does the government pay for printing the money?? What happened to the idea of collecting taxes and spending that? Oh so we just can print en masse??? What happened to supply and demand?

  • Jacob Patrick
    Jacob Patrick

    ... & it's happening again, right now.

  • Derek Bao
    Derek Bao

    Most informitive video I ever seen even if I can retain all this thanks

  • Sam x
    Sam x

    9:56 "the total amount of money is only 3 trillion dollars" that aged well

  • DatioEpicPlaysTV

    Its a fair system in theory, the reality is that the big money gets bailed if they mess up and gets the most money if the goverment starts printung money

  • Jay

    One of the causes for the high US debt is the spending on the non-productive military and wars over times.

  • Christian Ehrnsperger
    Christian Ehrnsperger

    Quick Reminder: "Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come* from the presence of the Lord;" Acts 3:19 KJV . "That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved." Romans 10:9 KJV

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      Some people are so poor and been that way for so long that they lose their self confidence and belief

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  • Niels Laheyne
    Niels Laheyne


  • ecashmarketing

    I was watching this video, my 7 yo told me he understands credit, it means get what you want and pay later... I asked what did u learn that? He answered: Raya and the last dragon.

  • Kasey Lawrence
    Kasey Lawrence

    HELP- If credit is created from thin air, how is this different from printing money in terms of increasing the total amount of money across the monetary system? Shouldn't they both cause inflation?

  • Jesse Martin
    Jesse Martin

    Well this is sure prescient.

  • Catherine

    The amount of time we spend believing we can't is more than enough time to learn how you can. -my Brain.

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      Fortunately. Im happy to tell you....

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      I am the best broker lol

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  • nirjhar bishwas
    nirjhar bishwas

    I have just become your big fan, Mr. Dalio, by watching this brilliant video. This simple analysis has opened up a new horizon for me (a student of Biology).

  • Khayer

    Money printer go brr

  • Logan Prichard
    Logan Prichard

    I wish he also looked at demographics when making his template.

  • NoIllusions

    IRbin brought me to this idiot video. Live in your Keynesian economy while you can, it's soon gonna be over :)

  • Doc !!!
    Doc !!!

    New monetary system. In 2008/9 billions was pumped into the economy when big banks started failing. Now covid has done the same. I think we'll just go on, business as usual.

  • Soniel Elica
    Soniel Elica

    Is this 2021?

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    美股小浣熊Trading with Kitkat

    Thank you Ray!

  • Alexander Sugiharto
    Alexander Sugiharto

    16:50 The next world economic crisis after covid-19 : Deleveraging

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    The internet has created more impact in our life, financially, socially and otherwise, for the betterment of our lives.

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    Its like i've been attending a 2 years class just with 30 minutes.

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    Wow! It should have been atleast 3 hours. Tuned me in like a netflix show.

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  • 1988_Geo

    And Ray you live in a perfect world

  • 1988_Geo

    Ignorant bastards just pay of your depts and no more rich people. the fed has just never handled properly geedy people. the government is starting to look like a casino and the people who run it.benefit it the most. The rich who are in debt must fall or be stunned!

  • Jose Ruiz
    Jose Ruiz

    10:38 hahaha i saw the reference 😂

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  • Ho Chi Minh
    Ho Chi Minh

    Fractional reserve just went to zero reserves in 2020.

  • agentxyz

    6:38 ridiculous statement that productivity growth benefits hardworking smart people and lazy incompetent people get left behind. Totally out of touch b/c Jeff Bezos' wealth increases while his warehouse workers are being replaced by robots and the ones left are gig workers with no benefits. Dalio is sill so immersed in the idea that individual wealth is the only goal. You'd think that better late never he'd learn that eliminating world hunger and improving education is more important.

  • Eureka549868879

    Im poor, but I absolutely disagree with any type of wealth distribution that involve taxation, money printing or coercion. I don't like being poor, but I'm not willing to rob to not be poor.

  • Cassandra Henry
    Cassandra Henry

    18mins into this video and to some up what I’ve learnt so far is that the economy runs on keeping the rich rich and keeping the poor poor. Now I understand what my mum was saying for all those years. It’s time to change sides. Call me a capitalist.

  • Sven Anderson
    Sven Anderson

    What horrible and propagandistic video and channel!!! This is the idea of a socialist or communist. Be ware of Central Banks!

  • Victoria Martinez
    Victoria Martinez

    It seems our entire financial system needs looking at, and we need financial education to start at a young age. The global financial system seems to be the root of the problem.

  • Henyte

    from "haves" to "have-nots" is so wrong on every level because "haves" don't pay taxes as they are good at money flow, from assets to investments to repay debt and debt is not getting taxed, good financial advisor is cheaper than taxes for very rich.

  • Bayu WW
    Bayu WW

    This is simple yet deep. I need to rewatch more

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    The gainful lyre originally excuse because drawbridge industrially curve anenst a earthy dashboard. nondescript, amazing music

  • Simpson Properties
    Simpson Properties

    This video never gets old. Thank you Ray for putting this content out.

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    Gauri Sharma

    Please please please hire me ?

  • Gauri Sharma
    Gauri Sharma


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    Gauri Sharma


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    WallStreet Pickers


  • Alexander Reid
    Alexander Reid

    This video should be part of every school's curriculum

  • Rishabh Kashyap
    Rishabh Kashyap

    These videos are gems and to be watched very carefully to understand the depth.

  • FreezY

    So people who are entering their careers now keeping your 3 rules and buying assets when there is deflation and selling them when there is inflation in the period of short-term debt have the best chance of success because since the last crisis was in 2008, the next one will probably be +/- 75 years later. Right?

  • Samarth S
    Samarth S

    I've watched it 3 to 4 time in a year and feel like I'll be watching it many many more time in the next few years. It's almost as if it correctly predicts every single thing that's happening now.

    • Cassandra Henry
      Cassandra Henry

      You can watch it as many times as you like but really you only need to understand it once

  • Samarth S
    Samarth S

    It's scary how everything till 23:40 seems to be happening now 😰. Printing money, austerity, 'temporary' decrease in the debt. Fk it's just scary.

  • FitForLife31

    10 thousand socialists hit the thumbs down

  • Fabian John
    Fabian John

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  • Byron Berger
    Byron Berger

    The pathetic size critically last because michelle explicitly face across a opposite korean. nebulous, moaning celery

  • Siv Taing
    Siv Taing

    This is a classical view of debt cycles of most economies. However, we need a story on getting rid of debt borrowing, managing assett management, and creating jobs with a long term business model that does not include debt or borrowing. We need to take a look at how the distribution of resources and the allocation of labor to produce income, therefore savings.

  • Taiwan is a country
    Taiwan is a country

    So the Chinese market is an bubble, good to know. This is being managed by cooking the books, and shadow banking. Shadow loans, P2P, scams everywhere, shadow universities. It is a mess. That is keeping politics out of it.

  • spellout simply
    spellout simply

    what ray Dalio has mentioned by saying increase productivity? what kind of productivity is this ? is it the ability to yields maximum results with minimum efforts or something else? & how to increase productivity ?? if anyone knows this plz share this ...

  • creat me
    creat me

    Awesome !¡!¡ Animation without any ad 😮😎😎😎😎


    Can anyone give the summary of this video ?

    • M B
      M B

      Credit is good, except when it's bad.

  • Bamidele Karimu
    Bamidele Karimu

    Lovely lesson. this is a life time lesson. A word is enough for the wise. thanks indeed

  • quincy bullock
    quincy bullock

    More than I learned in all years of school

  • Salty Kraken
    Salty Kraken

    Excellent video

  • Dennis Klomp
    Dennis Klomp

    So, the attempt was made to have a beautifull deleverage in 2008, but debt has continued to rise faster as income even though interest rates are at 0% and money has been printing massively for the past decade. What does this do? From my perspective, the bubble has been allowed to grow further, with asset prices and stock markets rising massively in price in the last years. Am I crazy or has the beautifull deleveraging plan not worked out? Even more: what's the best position to be in if it comes toupling down?

  • Bitcoin Investor
    Bitcoin Investor

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      Henry Leo

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      Bitcoin Investor

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    • Bitcoin Investor
      Bitcoin Investor

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    • David Mark
      David Mark

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      Richardson Gold

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  • Zohab Qayoumi
    Zohab Qayoumi

    The only intent to borrow money, and create debt would be if you are creating a money-making asset.

  • jojoeb16

    People are not rational and orderly... nor are politicians intelligent or honest... thus a beautiful deleveraging cannot occur in the real world. Dear Future, please prove me wrong for the benefit of my children 🙏