TOP 15 Reasons for HARD LANDINGS! DON'T BLAME the first officer! Explained by CAPTAIN JOE
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Dear friends and followers, welcome back to my channel!
Today’s video will all be about hard/bumpy landings. 15 reasons why pilots once in a while land a little harder than usual.
Number 15:
Autoland landing
Autolands can sometimes end up in a harder landing than usual. In very foggy conditions with visibility values lower than what is consider to be flown manually(RVR minimum), pilots have to choose an auto land landing if there plane is equipped and certified for such an approach. The autopilot flies purely by numbers and received signals from the ground which can lead to a shortened flare, ending in a bumpy landing. A mishap showing that the autopilot only flies by the received signals is the Singapore airlines (check) landing at Munich airport, where the pilot disconnected the autopilot too late after landing, and the signal got disturb by another plane, leading to the Triple 777 to swerve off the runway.
Number 14:
Varying landing weight
Your first landing might be close to the maximum landing weight and the next might be with a nearly empty plane. Planes act completely different depending on their landing weight, which might be misjudged by the pilot and ruining his flare!
Number 13:
Different plane types
Some airline pilots are rated on multiple planes. For example when I flew for Airberlin, I was rated on the Airbus A319, 320, 321 and some colleagues even flew the A330 all within one week. Sometimes you switched between different types of aircraft in one day. Each of them flare and obviously weigh differently and can be the cause for a bumpy landing.
Number 12:
Different engine types
Some airlines have an A320 as example with IAE V2500, but in the same fleet others are fitted with CFM Leap engines. Upon flare, the engines react or spool up and down differently, timely speaking, which can lead to an unexpected long flare, a sudden drop in airspeed and bang, your next hard landing.
Number 11:
Density Altitude
When landing in Los Angeles for example with a 747, let’s say you have a ground speed on approach of 150 knots, times 5 equals = 750 feet per minute of descent rate on a 3 degree glideslope. Let’s fly the approach with the same landing weight into Mexico City with an airport elevation of 7300 feet, the air density is much lower, therefore your True Airspeed increases by 2% per 1000 feet, means 7 times 2% equals 14%, so 150 knots times 1.14 equals 171 knots. Let’s say 170 knots times 5 equals 850 feet per minute your descending on the 3 degree glideslope. So effectively 100 feet per minute 20 knots faster, if you don’t anticipate the higher descent rate, bang, harder landing then usual. The same applies for glide slopes which are steeper than normal which result in a higher descent rate!
I hope you enjoy the video and it’s been helpful to you!
Thank you very much for your time!
Wishing you all the best!
Your "Captain" Joe
Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:
@Tyler H
@malaga airport productions
@Jeff K.
Intro Song:
Lounge - Ehrling:
Outro Song:
Joakim Karud & Dyalla - Wish you were here

  • Semity

    Should passengers be sleeping still during landing? 01:01. I don't think so.

  • CheapSpeed Media
    CheapSpeed Media

    Does the autoland feature use the ils system

  • Frank Bruno
    Frank Bruno

    Thank you Captain Joe.. I enjoyed this and learned a lot. I supervised a small airport in northern Colorado and was always surprised at the level of preparation the pilots put in.. be well, Frank

  • eduardoig17

    I already drive my car with the seat in the lowest possible setting lol so no change for me

  • Hugh Martell
    Hugh Martell

    A sign you've experienced a hard landing: all your teeth fillings are now on the floor.

  • Jerry L
    Jerry L

    So it's all basically human error and these are 15 of them!

  • Matteo

    I tell ya, I'm dead scared to fly since ages. BUT since I started watching and enjoying your videos I'm no longer so scared and I'm keen to give a try to a flight travel.. Thank you. Really, I mean it.

  • bepowerification

    12:54 damn that looked turbulent.. I rarely fly and if I had to experience this landing I would wait a looong time before getting on an airplane again.

  • steve talbert
    steve talbert

    I was on a 737 from BNA to Denver and then on to SFO, the pilot circled at Denver due to setting up for a landing due to a cross wind. I thought the wing tip was going to hit the runway! He did an excellent job.! Southwest Airlines has some great Pilots.

  • bob's biscuit
    bob's biscuit

    "Don't be that passenger" Too late, haha! My go-to is usually "Well, he found [City name]!" 8:43 Yeah, I've also heard hard-landing pilots being called this, didn't think the plane itself would be saying it as well, lol.

  • rparker069

    Qantas landing brief: make it as comfortable as the situation allows Ryanair landing brief: plane in air, don't want it to be

  • Philip Boyle
    Philip Boyle

    Ryan Air, the worst airline I've ever flown with. Suck it up Joe.

  • Gary Keyes
    Gary Keyes

    Cap, thanks for this channel! I love flying and I've been a lifelong flight enthusiast (on my bucket list is get a pilot's license--lol). My and friends who are afraid to fly I always direct them to your channel. Good Job!!

  • Hagen Deike
    Hagen Deike

    @Captain Joe: Do pilots still crave applause after landing, or is it just another day at the job?

  • S0ar1ng3agl3

    Any landing you can walk away from is a good landing. Any landing you can walk away from AND still use the plane is a great one.


    the voice sounds like it saying "Retard" I took it as a funny thing

  • Adone Borione
    Adone Borione

    I have always felt a bit panicky about flying and it looks like I will stay that way.

  • Hedera Helix
    Hedera Helix

    A hard landing reduces the forward speed by translating its energy into the suspension of the gear and is mostly suitable for shortened runways or when having damaged flaps, where you naturally have a slight overspeed, that you need to eliminate, to not overheat the breaks afterwards, which in itself might cause a fire.

  • Greg Warner
    Greg Warner

    Running out of airspeed, altitude and ideas simultainously.

  • Hafiy Nifail
    Hafiy Nifail

    I know why he said “don’t blame the first officer” because he is the first officer....

  • Rebecca Panella
    Rebecca Panella

    There’s some things that are just out of the pilot’s control

  • SKM

    2:47 why you’re here

  • Mike Burns
    Mike Burns

    Everybody knows that hard landings are the fault of the mechanic that changed the seat belt on 34D.

  • Thomas Gaines
    Thomas Gaines

    As a flight instructor in small general aviation airplanes, I find it easier to control in a strong cross wind. I still approach in a crab but over the numbers I find it no problem, for instance, in a left cross wind , to straighten out with right rudder and left aileron to control the drift. I'm not worried about knocking an engine off of the wing. If the wind changes, I can do a little dance. If I think my feet point the nose and my hands stop the drift, I can usually get a smooth touch down or go around if I don't like it with immediately available power. It's a straight wing airplane. No swept wing issues.. . On the Airbus 320 are you in danger of scraping an engine with that technique? I'm sure that the passengers might feel the dance in a long fuselage more than I do sitting on the vertical, lateral and longitudinal axis.

  • Landlock beachbum
    Landlock beachbum

    As Captain Dan tells me after a hard landing it wasn’t the pilots fault it wasn’t the airlines fault it was the asphalt!

  • neville

    I remember flying BA from Edinburgh to LHR. The weather was fantastically stormy the plane was delayed and they were unsure whether to try. The flight was challenging. When we got to LHR the pilot explained that he would need to approach at an angle to the runway and if successful would perform a hard landing pivoting the plane as it hit the tarmac. Wow it was fantastic placing the plane down firmly, pivoting and doing a fantastic job. On another occasion I was flying on a Nimrod. The pilot approached at 90° to the runway, did a 270° turn and landing on the runway at the end of his turn. It was fun but I'm not sure that those in the Tower were happy. Was the landing from over the sea Madera?

  • Ernst Hobbit
    Ernst Hobbit

    Music off please

  • Tangent

    Sorry, I'm going to mention Ryanair because you said not to. Suck it, Ryanair.

  • PanHowie

    good landing - when you can get out of the aircraft by yourself great landing - when the aircraft can be use again

  • D

    can you address the lateral swaying upon landing - is there a computer system to help to offset the severe lateral swaying and how severe of lateral swaying can the landing gear system withstand. With the speed of the plane upon landing and the lateral swaying given the mass of the jumbo jets, it seems that there must be huge amount of stress put upon the landing gear. If you have covered this already please point me to your link. Thanks ....

  • HKGuns

    The hardest landing I've ever experienced was flying into SFO. I commented to the pilots while exiting they must have been practicing their carrier landing. It was absolutely jarring, but to a novice, that airport looks like a difficult place to land and may have contributed.

  • R1B3Y3

    Hey as someone who falls asleep easily on flights, a harmless wake up call is appreciated haha.

  • Lewis Tallon
    Lewis Tallon

    Alternative title: 15 reasons for Ryan Airs Terrible Landings

  • SaftSchinken23

    I nearly always park in the lowest position of the seat, otherwise I'd have to break my neck driving some cars xD

  • SaftSchinken23

    I'd love to see how a hard landing test looks with a 747 if it's like the test shown in this video it might look funny xD

  • Wendal Jr
    Wendal Jr

    Notice the plane in the very first clip LOL. I can say that I experienced such landings with them before.

  • sukalanger

    Did we land or were we shot down?


    im a semitruck driver, wish i was a pilot

  • Jon Thomson
    Jon Thomson

    Might add to that weight and balance problems and ground crew failing to lock in containers that shift. I would suspect it's not as common an occurrence now but many times back in the DC 10 days it happened far too often. If a pilot believes he has a certain amount of weight in a compartment and its not there or there is too much weight, he'll be as surprised as the passengers when comes down hard.

  • Alex Grant
    Alex Grant

    Back in 2004/2005 i had a pretty heavy landing in Prestwick airport. The pilot tried to land and done a go-around because the wind and rain was bad, he told us the next landing would be to use his words "there will be a bit of a bump folks"

  • Verdun Luck
    Verdun Luck

    OK, I'll give you reasons 1 and 2, but the others are really just excuses, you should be able to cope.

  • Urban Major
    Urban Major

    Woher kommen die x5?


    Southwest Airlines pilots are notorious for hard landings

  • dwarfer777

    “dont complain unless you can prove you can do it better” - i didnt sign up for his job. so i just flawed your logic on them arguments

  • Gadac

    Well there I was on some fine sunday afternoon Just me and my airplane On a little airpot we've never been to before We're on short final and nothing was looking right I was seeing red over red, white over white And I couldn't seem to remember how that saying went anyway but I was staring straight down at the runway And all I could think of was about setting myself up To ungraciously dismantle this perfectly good little airplane. And, and then off in the distance I heard a voice And I think it was that of my flight instructor saying "You can always go around"

  • Finn Durston
    Finn Durston


  • Nyctis

    It's not a hard landing if the masks don't drop in the back. :p

  • B Kailua
    B Kailua

    As of 2/25/21 in 4 days I will have been flying 50 years since my first solo flight. With over 30 years of that in airliners. No 1 reason for a hard landing is "not your day" :)

  • john johnson
    john johnson

    Reason 16 that I have hard landings: I'm a crappy pilot lmao

  • Alexandre Alves
    Alexandre Alves

    Thanks to Good Year 😊😊😊😊

  • Myllies Kytchin
    Myllies Kytchin

    We had a pilot who was joking around telling us we were going to the starship enterprise, when we took off he never even ran the full runway, I ALWAYS record EVERY flight. It was almost like we went straight UP. Then he said we’re about to land on The planet earth and landed SO HARD it shook people who were sleeping! They were super MAD! I knew it was going to happen I never sleep!

  • John T.
    John T.

    ... Increase, maintain, dissipate...... air speed.

  • Pete Engard
    Pete Engard

    I took a two engine puddle jumper from Nantucket to Hyannis just before the airports were closed during a violent storm. A 15 minute flight was streched to almost an hour. The little plane hit the landing at almost a 45 degree angle. The pilot and myself were the only ones who didn't upchuck on that very turbulent flight. My waist was bruised because of the seatbelt and some passengers actually hit their heads on the overhead bins. Gusts at landing was over 70 mph with sustained winds of 60.

  • Dark - VFX
    Dark - VFX

    Ryanair 🌚

  • Cpt Baraa
    Cpt Baraa

    As an a320 pilot, when you start naming 319 320, 321, CFM & AIE you make my day 😍

  • Bigfield 75
    Bigfield 75

    Great video Captain Joe ! There is another factor that can lead to a firm landing : the runway width. A standard runway width is about 45 meters and so the pilots eyes are used the image of this kind of runway. But some airports have 60 meters wide runways, which gives the pilots an impression of being low and they would start an early flare. This could lead to a firm landing for the same reason as for a runway with a downslope. On the opposite, some smaller airports have 30 meters wide runways ( minimum allowed width for the A320). There, the pilots have an impression of being high over the threshold and might start the flare too late...

  • Michael Süssmann
    Michael Süssmann

    So you mean that if I go to my doctor I have no right to critizise him "if I cannot do it better myself" ? Excuse me, but this is plain stupid. Further reasons: most of your claims are bad excuses behind a pilot having a bad day. Different weights or any other possible divergence in aircraft performance is the daily life of a professional pilot and the normal is in fact that nothing is normal. And that bring us to the profiency level of a pilot, which should be able, most of the times, to make reasonable good landings, if he or her just take the efforts to do so. Exactly the same as a good driver makes a good ride fir the passengers. What is still left of manual handwork in todays flying is the phase from final to touchdown. Most of the reasons you list contains, would not ge accepted in the flying environment I belonged to in Norway.

  • Jeremy bartos
    Jeremy bartos

    #ryanair helpfull tips

  • John Schlosser
    John Schlosser

    3:46 That's a B757, not a B767.

  • jeep yt PH
    jeep yt PH


  • Mr Aviator
    Mr Aviator

    Fun fact: A landing is just a controlled stall.

  • Kennedy space11
    Kennedy space11


  • Rob

    Captain Joe’s next video. ‘Drop testing my 747’. Looking forward to it.

  • Ben Ben Yo Friend Friend
    Ben Ben Yo Friend Friend

    Oh so at 3:48 that is a B767 and not a B757? lol

  • Benjamin Chee
    Benjamin Chee

    What do you mean? Every landing is hard! (for the pilot)

  • Da vid
    Da vid

    If I was a pilot and got harassed by passengers for hard landings I'd just ask them for their certifications. 🤷‍♂️

  • wanderley apparecido Vieira
    wanderley apparecido Vieira

    To land,don't worry ,what is airborne,come down for sure !

  • MK Sounds
    MK Sounds

    I love München airport. Beats the hell out of S.F.O. MK

  • ByT1mothy

    Isn’t it often happening due to bad speed managing or too long floating?

  • srinitaaigaura

    Reason no 16 : Ryanair.

  • James Masters
    James Masters

    Ryanair are responsible for 95% of them 🤣😂 hey there is a reason why people comment about Ryanair. People state it cause it's fact. Get used to the stream of shit comments about Ryanair. Second rate airline and second rate pilots in comparison to the likes of easyJet.

  • yeetus_cleetus

    does a hospital count as a vacation area

  • Bob starbuck
    Bob starbuck

    Ryanair is just a meme at this point

  • jp gregorio
    jp gregorio

    0:24 my favorite plane i want to fly it my wish is to become a pilot but im just 12 years old right now

  • vghnmj


  • Johannes Fiftyeight
    Johannes Fiftyeight

    I don't care what title you give him at the officially... If he lands the plane, he's the pilot!

  • David Scott
    David Scott

    You left off "when terrorists take over the airport during a snowstorm around Christmas and recalibrate the ILS system, making the ground appear 200 feet lower than it really is".

  • Joe Stevenson
    Joe Stevenson

    Literally all but one of these boil down to pilot error

  • Topet Hernaez
    Topet Hernaez

    Damn those sudden altitude callouts, I have landed numerous times to an airfield which goes 300, 200, 50 lol

  • TheAtheist

    Most airlines land. Ryan air....arrives!. Captain Joe knows exactly what that means amongst pilots.

  • TEJ Jensen
    TEJ Jensen

    I'm a former carpenter. What if I built a house for Joe with a leaky roof, sloping floors and doors that hung loosely in the hinges. Customer Joe would brag and I would say ... do not complain if you not can do it better your self! Pilots are among the highest paid jobs in all countries. They should know everything about the runway they land on ... for my safety.

  • Adam Lea
    Adam Lea

    I've only experienced a bumpy landing once, during gusty crosswinds. The plane felt like it came down hard and bounced up again before completely landing.

  • Cam Hodge
    Cam Hodge

    you missed 1 .... incorrect approach speed or a/c configuration ... this catches most GA pilots,

  • Chad R
    Chad R

    I did not do anything wrong. There have been bad crashes that might not have happened if someone told something they saw that was not normal. If I see something broken or cracked I will absolutely go directly to the cockpit and tell the pilots.

  • Chad R
    Chad R

    I was on a flight where a bottle of Gatorade went through the fan. I got the N number off the tail and told the FAA on them. A few weeks later a guy from the FAA called me and said that engine threw a fan blade and threw multiple compressor blades. I do know several people were fired.

  • Chad R
    Chad R

    I was on a flight first it said Mach trim then it said windshear ahead then the pilot said flight attendant take your seat.

  • JetOdessa

    I'm a freak coz I love turbulence and hard landings. I was (technically) hit by a plane and survived. I was flying back from Madrid and was looking out of the window, and out of nowhere the plane suddenly dropped hard and lurched to the left and the plane hit my head!

  • alk61695

    Could also be the length of the runway. I frequently fly into Laguardia in New York and since they have really short runways, most all the time it results in a rough landing.

  • madaboutfly

    Or you are flying on a Ryanair aircraft

  • Jesus Ahumada haro
    Jesus Ahumada haro

    You only say that because you are a first officer

  • Shah An Shah Shanshoev
    Shah An Shah Shanshoev

    Did you guys notice that in Joe's previous videos he was in airbus but on the right side of the cockpit, and now in his videos he is on the left (on the captain side). Hmmmmm🤔🤔

  • Olivier's blox world
    Olivier's blox world

    3:46 Joe that’s a 757 not a 767

  • 8068

    As a former B-52 pilot I can tell you... practice DOES make perfect.

  • RedNaxx

    It’s a different case for Ryan Air Loll

  • SLEEPIY101

    *0:48** Its our friend Ryanair*

    • SLEEPIY101

      Look on the winglet

  • C14ran

    I thought it was four stripes for captain. Does it change per company or am I miles out??

  • Nishan Manandhar
    Nishan Manandhar

    True that.

  • Obi Phil
    Obi Phil

    Very informative and most illuminating.Thanks.Just 1 minor complaint. The peer of IAE on the A320ceo is the CFM56, not the CFM leap. The CFM leap is on the A320neo which presumably, would not allow for the same pilot rating as the IAE equipped A320ceo.

  • ChloeLouiseeB

    That was a hard landing. BA38: hold my beer.

  • Jason H
    Jason H

    Another excellent video C.J. THANK YOU ! EVERY landing resulting in all the passengers and crew disembarking safe and sound at the correct gate means the flight crew are AWESOME !!